What is An Allergy?
An allergy is an abnormal immune system reaction to a protein, carbohydrate, or specific allergen from allergen. When the immune system reacts to something it thinks is a threat, it releases antibodies to neutralize it. Allergic reactions are usually mild and self-limiting; they usually go away on their own within hours or days. However, severe allergic reactions can be life-threatening, so you should seek immediate medical attention from a Surprise allergist. People with allergies may also have other health conditions, such as asthma or eczema.
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Common allergens include:
Pollens: Pollens are small particles of plant life that can be found in the air, especially during a time of year when the plants are flowering. They can come from trees, weeds, grasses, and many other plants. Pollen is mainly responsible for causing allergic reactions in certain people.
House dust mites: House dust mites are tiny arachnids that feed on dead skin cells from humans and animals. They live in carpets and furniture and are difficult to see without a microscope. House dust mites live on our skin and in our homes, so they’re often found in beds and couches, behind appliances like humidifiers, in food preparation areas, and even at the base of picture frames. The main symptoms of an allergic reaction to house dust mites include watery eyes; itchy, red, or scaly skin; runny nose; wheezing; coughs/colds (shortness of breath); and asthma symptoms like wheezing or coughing fits.
Pets: Pets are one of the most common allergens. Pets may be a problem because they shed their dander, saliva, and other allergens in their fur or on their skin. Pets can also carry allergenic bacteria.
The most common pet allergen is cat dander, which is made up of dead skin cells. The dander is released during grooming and can cause allergic symptoms if you have been exposed to cats. It also contains proteins that your body recognizes as harmful foreign substances.
What is the best treatment for allergic reactions?
The best treatment for allergies is avoidance of the allergen or allergens. This means avoiding the cause of the symptoms. It may also be helpful to take medications that suppress the immune system and reduce allergic reactions. Other treatments may include:
Medication: Some medications can help reduce allergic reactions. These medications usually target specific types of allergens and are combined with other treatments, including antihistamines and corticosteroids (such as prednisone).
Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy uses vaccines or shots of allergen extracts to stimulate the immune system’s ability to identify and destroy allergens before they reach the lungs or skin cells.
Topical corticosteroid cream: Topical corticosteroid creams are used on small areas of skin where you feel itching or irritation due to allergies or eczema (a chronic skin condition). This cream helps control itching and relieves the symptoms.
An allergy is a medical condition that results from the immune system mistakenly identifying harmless substances as harmful invaders. The body makes antibodies to fight an allergy, but sometimes these antibodies do not work or are ineffective. Allergies can range from mild to severe, making it difficult for people to function normally. If you have an allergy, Oasis Ear, Nose, and Throat professionals have you covered.