Common Procedures Performed by Obstetricians and Gynecologists


Garden City ovarian cysts are one of the many health issues that obstetricians and gynecologists deal with. These specialists offer a range of services to women, from routine check-ups to complex surgeries. Here are some of the most common procedures performed by obstetricians and gynecologists:

Pap Smear

Cervical cancer screening tests include pap smears. Collecting cervix cells and evaluating them under a microscope for any anomalies are steps in the technique. Women should begin obtaining pap smears at age 21 and continue getting them every three years until age 65 or as directed by their doctor, according to obstetricians and gynecologists.


A mammogram is an x-ray of the breast tissue to screen for breast cancer. Women should start getting mammograms at age 40 and continue to get them every one or two years until age 75, or as recommended by their doctor. Obstetricians and gynecologists may also perform clinical breast exams during routine check-ups.


An ultrasound is a diagnostic test that uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of the reproductive organs. Obstetricians and gynecologists may use ultrasounds to evaluate the health of a developing fetus, diagnose ovarian cysts or fibroids, or detect any abnormalities in the uterus or fallopian tubes.


Surgery to remove the uterus is known as a hysterectomy. Women who have endometriosis, uterine fibroids, or certain cancers might benefit from this surgery. The removal of the ovaries may also be necessary, depending on the cause for the hysterectomy. Gynecologists and obstetricians can perform a standard hysterectomy or a minimally invasive surgery like a laparoscopic or robotic operation.

Cesarean Section

A cesarean section (C-section) is a surgical delivery of a baby through an incision in the abdominal and uterine walls. Obstetricians may recommend a C-section if there are concerns about the health of the mother or baby, such as fetal distress or a breech presentation. Some women may also choose to have a C-section for personal reasons, such as a previous difficult delivery or a desire for a planned delivery.

Tubal Ligation

A surgical treatment to permanently prevent pregnancy is known as tubal ligation, sometimes referred to as having your tubes tied. This technique stops the egg from migrating from the ovary to the uterus by blocking or eliminating the fallopian tubes. Tubal ligation is a procedure that obstetricians and gynecologists can perform on women who have had children or who do not want to get pregnant.

Intrauterine Device (IUD) Insertion

To avoid conception, a tiny, T-shaped device known as an intrauterine device (IUD) is inserted into the uterus. This type of birth control is quite effective and has a long half-life. Obstetricians and gynecologists may recommend an IUD to women who want a long-term, reversible birth control treatment.


Obstetricians and gynecologists play a crucial role in women’s health. From routine check-ups to complex surgeries, they offer a wide range of services to help women maintain their reproductive health and address any concerns. If you have any questions or concerns about your reproductive health, don’t hesitate to talk to your doctor.

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