All about sports injuries

Children and adults are at risk of sports injuries while exercising or playing games. The people who may have been out of shape and suddenly start with high-energy exercise, and those who do not properly warm up before a long game may easily get injured. But there are others also who may get injured. Here is an overview of the problem of sports injuries.

What are the different types of sports injuries?

A few of the most common injuries have been listed below:

  • Sprain
  • Strain
  • Knee injuries
  • Muscle swelling
  • Fracture
  • Dislocation
  • Tendon rupture
  • Rotator cuff injuries

What are the suggested treatments?

The first response to an injury must be following, followed by a thorough check-up by a doctor:

  • Take rest
  • Use ice pack compression and heat compressions alternatively if there is no bleeding.
  • Compression and bandage
  • Elevate the body part injured if possible.
  • Over-the-counter medicine in case of severe pain.

Signs that the injury is serious and needs immediate medical attention:

After the first aid if there are still the following symptoms you must consult a doctor immediately:

  • Severe swelling and pain, followed by discoloration of the area.
  • Visible lumps, deformities, bumps.
  • Inability to move the body part or put weight on it.
  • Crushing sound or pain on movement of the joint.
  • Instability in standing.
  • Dizziness and nausea.
  • Difficulty in breathing and hazy vision.

The people who are facing these issues will need surgery or medication on an emergency basis.

How can you avoid sports injuries?

The most important step before exercising is that the person must stretch and warm up properly. The warmed-up muscles are way more flexible hence there will be no or less injury. The other suggestions are as follows:

  • Proper technique: use of proper activities and techniques is the best way to perform any exercise or game. You must use proper postures and stances under the guidance of a senior or an experienced coach is the best. Bending of knees to avoid injury to the spine is a common technique used by experts.
  • Don’t over-exert: even at the slightest pain stop. Do not try to do work out in pain. This is only going to make matters worse. Do not overexert and fall prey to fatigue. They may set into your muscles as well and you will ned up getting injured.
  • Use proper equipment: use the proper gear as well as shoes first of all. Also, sue all the athletic guards available at hand. Use the prescribed equipment for exercise, do not use makeshift equipment, they may turn out to be injurious rather than cheaper.
  • Cooling: cooling off after a tiring session is as important as the warm-up. The muscles will relax and will be in better condition. The muscles shall be ready for a new session after some time.

Start slowly: once you have recovered from an injury you must start off with simpler and slower exercise. This will work as a warm-up for the muscles and keep you started. After proper rest and permission from your physician, you must resume the exercises.

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